Phased Array

Training Phased Array

General Information:


Ultrasonic Phased Array (PA) testing is an advanced NDO method in which ultrasonic sound waves are introduced into a material. These waves will be reflected by any defects and/or the geometry of the object. By recording the reflected waves, (weld) defects can be detected.

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General

Before starting the inspection, the surface must be cleaned: coating, welding spatter, grease and dirt should be removed.

Ultrasonic sound waves are introduced into the object by means of a sound exciter (probe). These sound waves will be reflected at the location of a defect or geometry. The reflected sound waves are detected by the probe. In the probe, the received sound is then converted into an electrical signal which is displayed on a screen. The position, shape and height of the indication on the screen will be interpreted by the tester. The assessment will be made on the basis of a prescribed standard and/or specification.

Characteristic of Phased Array testing is the use of special probes that consist of multiple elements in combination with software with advanced configuration and display capabilities. With Phased Array, it is possible to change the direction of the ultrasonic sound beam with the electronics present in the equipment. This makes it possible in Phased Array testing to investigate simultaneously with multiple angles.

The most common test will be performed by transmitting the sound and absorbing the reflection with the same probe (pulse echo). It is also possible to radiate an object where transmitter and receiver are separated. For each application, the best choice of settings should be made in order to perform an optimal test. For a good assessment of the indications found, detailed knowledge of the object (geometry), the manufacturing process and/or the conditions of use is essential.

Scope/Products/Sectors

Ultrasonic Phased Array testing of objects made from various materials for surface and internal defects, (de-)lamination, (fatigue) cracks, determination of (wall) thickness and/or welding defects.

The examination has many application possibilities, but is specifically applied to the following products:

  • Cast and forged parts of Aluminium, Steel and Brass;
  • Weld joints of materials with a homogeneous fine structure;
  • Sheet material of aircraft hull and industrial semi-finished products;
  • (Wall) thickness determination in petrochemistry, shipbuilding, aircraft construction and/or food industry;
  • Delamination and deformations in composite parts occurring in aircraft construction, petrochemicals, shipbuilding, windmills, water/gas conducts and automotive industry;

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The training:


Trainings are provided on different levels. The content of these trainings will therefore vary. To gain more insight into the training and the associated costs, you can choose the desired level below.

Level 1 only on request

Level 1 only on request


Level 2

Training Information Level 2


For whom

The training is set up and intended for (oncomming) NDT inspectors/operators for whom a qualification and/or certification is required. In addition, the training gives detailed insight into the examiniation, this is supporting information for each work planner, QC/QA & quality manager.

The following components are recommended for course participants:

  • A MBO-4 prior education or similar.
  • Basic knowledge of mathematics.
  • Interested in engineering.
  • Technical English, to be able to read standards, specifications & procedures.

In order to qualify for certification, it is necessary to have a valid ISO9712 UT2 or UT3 certificate.

Structure

The training includes both a theoretical and a practical part. The training time will be divided 40/60 between the theoretical and practical part. During the course, the student will lay a foundation for his future work under the supervision of experienced NDO specialists.

The objectives

  • Familiarize the students with the principles and technical background of Phased Array testing.
  • Being able to perform Phased Array testing using different techniques and interpreting test results.
  • Determine the best test technique for conducting the test.
  • Be able to draft a thorough work instruction in order to direct a level 1 operator.
  • Reading and interpreting procedures and/or specifications (mainly in English).
  • Assess whether the identified indications meet the acceptance criteria.
  • Drafting of test reports.

Content of the training

History Phased Array testing| Basic Knowledge Ultrasonic testing| Material defects (Defectology) | Excite & behaviour of Ultrasonic sound with Phased Array | Test techniques and Image interpretation | Setting up Phased Array testing| Calibration Techniques | Equipment and probes | Interpretation of obtained test results | Practical applications | Standards | Safety, environment and health

Practical information

Training Duration ISO 9712:
Full Training (PA2): 12 days including exam, certification process via Hobéon SKNDO.

Training Duration SNT-TC-1A or EN 4179:
12 days including exam, only exam report. Final certification will have to be done by the company through its own Written Practice.

Exams:
The training meets, and can be completed with an exam(-s) in accordance with, the requirements of the ISO 9712 or according to the requirements of the Written Practice of the own company (SNT-TC-1A and/or EN4179). The exam consists of a theoretical (general and specific) and a practical part. Both the training and the exam(-s) are tailored to the relevant industrial sectors (for example: Examination before and during use (including manufacturing), Aviation or Railway maintenance.)

Costs (Excluding VAT):

The training and exam costs are shown below:

Training costs (PA2):
• Re-exam cost theory:
• Re-exam cost practice:
• Re-certification costs:

€ 4.211,- including examination *
Price on request
Price on request
€ 1.660,- 2 day course including examination*

Notes:
* Prices include examination, certification examination according to Hobéon SKNDO and the course days are fully catered.
If training is completed in accordance with multiple certification schemes (for example: ISO 9712 and SNT-TC-1A), no additional fees will be charged, provided this is a standard exam. If customer specific questions (for SNT-TC-1A or EN 4179) are to be prepared, €170 per exam will be charged extra for these exam(-s).

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Level 3

Training Information Level 3


For whom

The training is set up and intended for the (oncomming) NDT specialist for whom a qualification and/or certification is required. The course also provides an insight into the working methods of the test.

The following components are recommended for course participants:

  • A MBO-4/HBO prior education or similar.
  • Knowledge of mathematics and physics.
  • Interested in engineering.
  • Technical English, to be able to interpret standards.
  • It is an advantage to have already completed the BASIC module with a positive result or be in possession of a level/Level 3 certificate in another method.

In order to qualify for certification, it is necessary to have a valid ISO9712 UT3 certificate.

Structure

The training includes both a theoretical and a practical part (writing a technical procedure). The training time will be divided 80/20 between the theoretical and practical part. During the training, the student will lay a foundation for future work under the supervision of experienced NDT specialists.

The objectives

  • Familiarize the student with in-depth physical knowledge of ultrasonic testing focused on Phased Array testing.
  • Distinction and possibilities of the various test techniques (for example: Pitch-Catch, corrosion testing, immersion, etc.).
  • Specific application capabilities of Phased Array (including Full Matrix Capture (FMC)/Total Focusing Method (TFM)).
  • Applications of special probes, such as D2-matix and Dual Array probes.
  • Special/new applications within the field of Phased Array testing.
  • Reading and interpreting certification related standards and/or procedures (mainly in English).
  • Able to draft a thorough procedure in order to direct a level 2 operator.

Content of the training

History Phased Array testing| Excite & behaviour of ultrasonic sound and sound bundle Phased Array | Test techniques and image interpretation | Setting up Phased Array Test (including manual creation of scan plans) | Calibration techniques | Equipment and probes (including specific and special applications) | Application possibilities & latest techniques | Interpretation of codes, standards and/or specifications | Process and quality controls | Safety, environment and health

Practical information

Training Duration ISO 9712:
4 days including exam (based on possession of PA2 & UT3), certification process via Hobéon SKNDO.

Exams:
The training meets, and can be completed with an exam(-s) in accordance with, the requirements of the ISO 9712. The theoretical exam consists of 2 parts:

  • Deel D: Exempted by UT3 Certificate
  • Part E: Techniques & Specifications
  • Part F: Procedure DraftingBoth the training and the exam(-s) are tailored to the relevant industrial sectors (for example: Testing before and during use (incl. manufacturing), Aviation or Railway maintenance.)

Costs (Excluding VAT):

The training and exam costs are shown below:

Training Costs:
• Re-exam cost theory:
• Re-exam fee writing procedure:
• Re-certification costs:

€ 2.520,- including examination*
Price on request
Price on request
Price on request

Notes:
* Prices include examination, certification examination according to Hobéon SKNDO and the course days are fully catered.

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